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1. Life and Works
He became the youngest person ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in at the age of Nietzsche died in Nietzsche's writing spans philosophical polemics , poetry, cultural criticism , and fiction while displaying a fondness for aphorism and irony. After his death, his sister Elisabeth became the curator and editor of Nietzsche's manuscripts. She edited his unpublished writings to fit her German nationalist ideology while often contradicting or obfuscating Nietzsche's stated opinions, which were explicitly opposed to antisemitism and nationalism. Through her published editions, Nietzsche's work became associated with fascism and Nazism ;  20th-century scholars contested this interpretation and corrected editions of his writings were soon made available. Nietzsche's thought enjoyed renewed popularity in the s and his ideas have since had a profound impact on 20th and earlyst century thinkers across philosophy—especially in schools of continental philosophy such as existentialism , postmodernism and post-structuralism —as well as art, literature, psychology , politics, and popular culture. Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in ; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two.
I have a terrible fear that I shall one day be pronounced holy. I even assume that he removes his shoes when he does so — not to speak of boots. To those human beings who are of any concern to me I wish suffering, desolation, sickness, ill-treatment, indignities — I wish that they should not remain unfamiliar with profound self-contempt, the torture of self-mistrust, the wretchedness of the vanquished: I have no pity for them, because I wish them the only thing that can prove today whether one is worth anything or not — that one endures. With his signature blend of wit and wisdom, Alain de Botton — who contemplates such subjects as the psychological functions of art and what literature does for the soul — writes in the altogether wonderful The Consolations of Philosophy public library :. Alone among the cabbage-heads, Nietzsche had realized that difficulties of every sort were to be welcomed by those seeking fulfillment. You have the choice: either as little displeasure as possible , painlessness in brief … or as much displeasure as possible as the price for the growth of an abundance of subtle pleasures and joys that have rarely been relished yet? If you decide for the former and desire to diminish and lower the level of human pain, you also have to diminish and lower the level of their capacity for joy.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche 15 October — 25 August was a German philosopher, whose critiques of contemporary culture, religion, and philosophy centered on a basic question regarding the foundation of values and morality. Searls And time is reckoned from the dies nefastus with which this calamity began — from the first day of Christianity! Why not rather after its last day? From today? Revaluation of all values!